CATTLE FEEDING MANAGEMENT OF PASTORALISTS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION STRATEGIES IN THE TROPICAL HUMID RAIN FOREST ZONE OF SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA
I. C. Okoli, N. C. Enyinnia, A. G. Elijah, C. G. Okoli
Pages: 16-19 Published: 1 Jun 2014
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Abstract: This study investigated feeding management of pastoralist cattle and conflict frequencies an resolution strategies in the rainforest zone of Nigeria using primary data generated through questionnaires, interviews and observations. About 77% of cattle holdings were White Fulani breed produced for dual purposes. The pastoralists allowed calves to start suckling from 0 - 8 weeks and for six to nine months. Mature animals depended only on natural pastures for nutrient needs, salt lick was supplemented and water obtained directly streams, rivers and stagnant ponds. The diversity of ever green forages made all year round feed supply possible. About, 81% of pastoralists had conflicts with indigenous crop farmers because of animals straying to destroy crops during herding. Another 13.60% had cases of animal theft, with conflicts being resolved through village heads, town authorities and the army. Conflicts threaten pastoral access to resources, thus, impacting negatively on sustainability of pastoralism in this forest zones.
Keywords: forest zone, south eastern nigeria, tropical humid rain forest zone