SEASONAL VARIATION OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF WILD GENOTYPES OF CORNELIAN CHERRY (CORNUS MAS L.)
Published: 1 Jun 2014
Abstract: The paper reports the physical and chemical characteristic in fresh fruit from two populations of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) wild genotypes originated from Bosnia and Herzegovina during the two years 2012 and 2013. Fruits were assayed for physical properties (fruit and stone weight, fruit length, width, thickness, and stone length and width) and soluble solids, total acidity, reducing sugar, ascorbic acid, total phenol and anthocyanin contents. The cornelian cherries weighed from 1.6 g (Bugojno area, 2012 year) up to 2.1g ( Konjic area, 2012 year). Ascorbic acid content ranged from 253.62 (Bugojno area, 2012) up to 440.60 (Konjic area, 2013) mg 100g-1 fresh weight. Anthocyanin content ranged from 389.10 (Konjic area, 2012) up to 398.92 (Bugojno area, 2012) mg cyanidin-3- glucoside equivalents 100 g-1 fresh weight whereas phenol content ranged from 2158.55 (Konjic area, 2012) up to 2750.38 (Konjic area, 2013) mg gallic acid equivalents 100 g-1 fresh weight.
Keywords: cornelian cherry, ascorbic acid, anthocyanins, phenols, growing region
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