Abstract: A large body of research, not specifically developed in Spain, has revealed that adjustment to college can be experienced by emerging adults as stressful or supportive, depending on perceived social support. The aim of the present study was to analyze the extent to which different sources and cognitive/affective components of perceived social support predicted specific areas of adjustment in a sample of 300 first-year university students in Spain. The sample completed the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ6), the Perceived Acceptance Scale (PAS) and the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ). Regression analysis revealed that perceived social support was a good predictor of adjustment to college. The association was stronger for peers support than family support once university entry grade point average and gender were controlled for. The relationship between the number of available others when needed and the satisfaction with available support with adjustment was mediated by perceived sense of acceptance.
Keywords: perceived social support, college adjustment, first-year students