Abstract: Regarding the education system, nowadays requirements for the Chinese language proficiency are fundamentally different compared to those that existed few decades ago. According to our research, there are no significant changes in the methods that are used to teach Chinese to beginners; which means an inefficient teaching system. This article provides a brief overview of the actual way Chinese language is taught in Russia, country with long history of TCFL practices. This article also presents some of the achievements of Confucius Institutes abroad (outside China). In addition, it distinguishes and analyzes actual problems of TCFL system during the first levels, and other issues related to the choice of teaching materials and their content. It offers solutions and outlines, current goals and problems of the modern TCFL study, in the context of modern methodology, based on the communicative approach of teaching foreign languages.
Keywords: chinese as a foreign language, teaching methodology, communicative approach, the confucius institute, elementary level