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Ecology & Safety, Volume 11, 2017

DETERMINATION OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SHELLS OF CHEMICAL MUNITIONS IN THE ESTIMATION OF THE RATE OF CORROSION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS DUMPED IN THE BALTIC SEA
Jacek Fabisiak, Edyta Łońska, Wojciech Jurczak
Pages: 173-187
Published: 1 Jun 2017
Views: 314
Downloads: 67
Abstract: About 15 000 t of chemical warfare agents placed in about 600 thousand pieces of ammunition and containers, were sunk in the Baltic Sea. The ammunition – mostly artillery shells and aerial bombs and containers – mainly barrels. Ammunition and containers undergo slow corrosion, which leads to releasing toxins into the environment. The corrosion rate depends on numerous environmental factors as well as on the type of ammunition bodies, material and container walls. This article presents the results of previous studies – determination of the chemical composition of munitions bodies and containers.
Keywords: chemical munitions, chemical warfare agents, corrosion, baltic sea
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