Abstract: This paper presents a preliminary review of the Jerusalem artichoke and its potential uses in consumer food products. For centuries, the Jerusalem artichoke tubers were considered a food source for Aboriginal Canadians and early European settlers. Over time, the Jerusalem artichoke was replaced by other vegetables in the human diet. Today, Jerusalem artichoke is primarily used to obtain inulin for addition into food products. Inulin is a polysaccharide that provides several health benefits when consumed. This paper outlines the effects of Jerusalem artichoke inulin on baked goods and on beverages. Research suggests that there is notable potential for Jerusalem artichoke inulin in the Canadian market. Trends focusing on healthy living and supporting local industry indicate that Canadian consumers will positively view products made with Canadian-grown Jerusalem artichoke. Given these trends and supplementary market data, the potential market size for Jerusalem artichoke-enriched products has been determined.