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Language, Individual & Society, Volume 11, 2017

WHAT SENTENCE STRUCTURES ARE IMPROVED BY CHUNK-BASED EXERCISES?
Fumiya Shinozaki, Haruyo Yoshida
Pages: 34-41
Published: 24 Aug 2017
Views: 121
Downloads: 34
Abstract: This study investigates the effects of chunk-based exercises on English sentence structure by looking at second language learners’ proficiency. Oral sentence building (OSB), an aural-oral exercise where a learner needs to manipulate chunks and construct a sentence, was used. Five kinds of grammatical items were the focus of analysis. One hundred forty-two junior high school students conducted OSB 10 times for 10 days. The study indicates that OSB enhanced the sentence structures of both high and low proficiency learners. Above all, t-test showed a significant difference in the use of gerunds. One of the findings was that chunk-based learning would be more effective for beginners or intermediate learners.
Keywords: oral sentence building, sentence structure, chunk, oral exercise
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