THE EFFECT OF POST HEAT TREATMENT ON THE FATIGUE BEHAVIOR OF RICTION STIR WELDED ALUMINUM 6013 ALLOY FOR USE IN AEROSPACE STRUCTURES
Hasim Kafali, Nuran Ay
Pages: 405-417 Published: 2 Jun 2014
Views: 2,098 Downloads: 1,802
Abstract: Aluminum alloys are widely used on aircraft structures especially on the fuselage and wing fairings. During the joining of these structures, the traditional technique riveting is used. But riveting increases the structural weight of the aircraft and rivet holes form stress concentration for the fatigue cracks. An alternative joining technique is welding. In traditional welding techniques metal is heated till the melting point for this reason the mechanical behavior of the material deteriorates. And also the weldability of high strength materials is low. In recent years Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has been used as an alternative joining technique. In this study Aluminum 6013 sheet joined by using FSW technique. Fatigue specimens were machined from the welded plate in the dimension of A0 = 12.5 mm, l0 = 200 mm and fatigue tests were performed. Vickers microhardness values were taken at 1 mm increments from base metal to base metal across the weld, on the weld cross-sections. The intermetallic particles and the grain structure of the welded sheet were examined via optical and scanning electron microscopy.
Keywords: friction stir welding, fatigue and tensile tests, microstructural evaluation, al 6013-t6, aircraft structures