Abstract: In recent months, according to official data, in the country arrived about 10 500 refugees, mostly from Syria. This created tension among the population. From the perspective of humanity and justice these people deserve respect and protection. But despite the traditional hospitality towards them appeared certain negativity. The aim of the study is to investigate the attitudes and relation towards refugees and the opportunities for their social protection. Material and methods: We carried out an anonymous survey among students of the Faculty of Public Health at the Sofia Medical University for their attitude to some moral and health issues related to the refugees in the country. Results and conclusions: The investigation reveals that Bulgarian students, as representatives of the citizenship, are not prepared to accept refugees for permanent residence. This indicates the need for clarification of the universal value aspect of the phenomenon in order to overcome fear and reserves. Population in Bulgaria should change the attitude towards the problem, because in a globalized world many people go to live at will or compulsory to another place or country.
Keywords: refugees, tension among the population, humanity values