THE POPULATION FLUCTUATIONS OF CAROB MOTH, APOMYELOIS CERATONIAE (ZELL.) (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE) AND HONEYDEW MOTH CRYPTOBLABES GNIDIELLA MILL. (LEPIDOPTERA: PYRALIDAE), AND INVESTIGATON ON THEIR DAMAGE AND NATURAL ENEMIES ON POMEGRANATE IN WEST AEG
Published: 23 May 2015
Abstract: The study was conducted in Karacasu, Nazilli and Sultanhisar towns in Aydın province in 2012 and 2013. The population fluctuations of Apomyelois ceratoniae and Cryptoblabes gnidiella, and their damage and natural enemies on pomegranate were studied.As a result, it was determined that both of the pests were present between May and November in the orchards. The adult population of A. ceratoniae, was reached its peak in August, whereas the population of C. gnidiella peaked between mid August and end of September. Predators, Coccinella semptempunctata, Adelia decempunctata, Scymnus apetzi (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), Forficula auricolaria (Dermaptera: Forficulidae), Orius sp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), and the parasitoid Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) were found to be natural enemies of the pests. Additionally, it was found that the damage of C. gnidiella was higher than of A. ceratoniae on fruits.
Keywords: apomyleois ceratoniae, cryptoblabes gnidiella, natural enemies, pomegranate
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