THE CHANGES IN THE FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE LANDSCAPE IN TIME HORIZON 1822-2012 IN MOUNTAIN VILLAGE OF JAKUBANY
Eva Michaeli, Vladimír Solár, Monika Ivanová, Jozef Vilček, Danica Fazekašová
Pages: 104-113 Published: 28 May 2015
Views: 2,540 Downloads: 718
Abstract: The structure of cultural landscape is a result of long-lasting process of interaction between of humans and nature in the historical development. In the Slovakia the most intensive changes of the landscape structure were realized over the 40 - 50 years. A new wave of changes in the structure of cultural landscape was originated mainly over the last two decades, predominantly in foothill landscape. These changes are considered as positive from the aspect of ecological stability of landscape. Ecological stability has increased in the last two decade in relation to the stoppage of excessive use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and heavy mechanisms at tillage. Biodiversity and retentive ability of the landscape have increased and erosion of soil has decreased. The negative consequences were reflected into the visual form as abandonment of landscape the man. The aim of this paper is research changes of land cover and functional structure of the landscape in the rural settlement Jakubany in time horizon 1822 – 2012.
Keywords: land use, land cover changes, land utilization, rural settlement jakubany