IDENTIFYING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF CEMENT PRODUCTION WITH LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT: LITERATURE REVIEW
Published: 28 May 2015
Abstract: The production of cement is rather complex process which includes a high amount of raw materials (e.g., limestone, marl, clay, and iron ore), heat, electricity and different fuels (petroleum coke, coal, fuel oil, natural gas or different wastes).Because of an important environmental aspect of this sector, numerous studies have done to identify the emissions and energy consumption arising from cement manufacturing. A life cycle assessment (LCA) is one of the valuable methods for assessing the environmental impacts and sustainability of cement production. The aim of this review is critically analysis the LCA studies related to cement production in the literature and discuss the advantages and limitations of LCA methodology.
Keywords: cement, life cycle assessment, environmental impacts
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