Abstract: The paper deals with the lexical codification by means of shortened lexical units in the process of texting and virtual communication in the Germanic languages. The focus of the work is the fact that the shortened lexical units in the process of texting represent speech acts. The paper depicts the value of expressive constructions as a case of speech act. In the paper, this issue is explored in the framework of virtual communications and the process of texting. Therefore, the emergence of a growing number of abbreviations (both in English and in German) is closely connected with the economy of speech efforts. The text of the paper illustrates the linguists’ opinion about the use of abbreviated lexemes. There is also a comparison of units in English and German. The research of abbreviated lexemes in the virtual communication enables to illustrate the phenomenon of shortening in the texting process.
Keywords: abbreviation, codification, theory of speech acts, virtual communication, expressive constructions