THE IONIZATION OF THE SUBSTANCE OF THE ATMOSPHERE BY COSMIC RAYS AND THE RELEASE OF THE LATENT ENERGY
Published: 1 Jun 2017
Abstract: It has been shown that cosmic rays may affect the aggregate transitions of water in the free atmosphere through ionization of air and, thereby, the atmospheric parameters. The pressure variations derived from measurements of the water content across the atmosphere have been estimated. According to these estimates, the magnitude of possible pressure variations caused by cosmic rays in the form of Forbush decreases of galactic cosmic rays is 4.8 mbar. Data on the near-Earth pressure at three considerably distant points (Moscow, Apatity, and Yakutsk) have been analyzed in order to prove this effect. It follows from an analysis that the effect of galactic cosmic rays on the atmosphere is simultaneously observed at least in polar and middle latitude regions of the Earth.
Keywords: cosmic rays, atmospheric parameters, surface pressure
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