Abstract: Germany, France, Great Britain, Poland, the Netherlands and Italy are the largest milk producers in the EU. The objective of the study was to assess the income situation of farms specialising in the milk production and to show the possibility of covering farmer’s labour costs. The source of the data were the surveys of the farms carried out in the FADN system in years 2010-2013. The assessment covered the resources of the farms, production intensity and level of income. Also, the impact of the CAP instruments on effects of management were presented. The highest farm income with subsidies was achieved by the farmers from Italy, and the lowest by those from Poland. Farm income without subsidies provided coverage of farmer’s labour costs only in the Italian farms. Thanks to subsidies, farmer’s labour inputs have been paid in all countries, with the highest level in Italy, and the lowest in France.
Keywords: milk production, coverage of farmer’s labour costs, milk yield of cows, farm income, subsidies