LIQUEFACTION OPTIMIZATION OF CYNARA CARDUNCULUS L.
Published: 17 Jul 2017
Abstract: Cynara cardunculus L. is a well-adapted plant to Mediterranean climate that has been largely investigated as fuel crop. The main objective of this study was to optimize the percentage of Cynara Cardunculus L. liquefaction by polyols in order to test the potentiality of this culture for the production of high added value products from the liquefied material. The liquefaction was performed in a double shirt reactor heated by oil using a mixture of ethyleneglycol and glycerol catalyzed by sulfuric acid. Trials were carried out at different: particles size, temperatures 140-200 ºC and time 15-120 min. Initial chemical composition was also determined. Results showed that CC is a material in which cellulose is the major component (with around 46.3 %), followed by Klason lignin (with around 25.3%) and insoluble hemicelluloses in hot water (6.64%). Optimal conditions to attain the best liquefaction yield were 200ºC, 60 min and a 60-80 particle size.
Keywords: liquefaction, cynara cardunculus l., polyalcohol liquefaction, temperature
Cite this article: Yuliya Dulyanska, Bruno Esteves, Paulo Barracosa, Idalina Domingos, José Ferreira, Luís Teixeira de Lemos, Luísa Cruz-Lopes. LIQUEFACTION OPTIMIZATION OF CYNARA CARDUNCULUS L.. Journal of International Scientific Publications: Agriculture & Food 5, 302-308 (2017). https://www.scientific-publications.net/en/article/1001420/
Download full text
Back to the contents of the volume
© 2023 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This permission does not cover any third party copyrighted material which may appear in the work requested.