Abstract: Special education is the independent and modern scientific discipline which deals with quality of life of people with disabilities. Research of special education consists of deliberate, targeted and controlled professional activities. Empirical methods of special educational research explore contexts, relations, interactions and other manifestations of research phenomena. The main subject of special educational research is essentially the original human being, the person with a certain degree of special needs and also different methods of treatment. This paper presents selected basic facts of qualitatively and quantitatively used strategies in special educational research in the Czech Republic and points out its limits and possibilities. The suitability of using qualitative and quantitative research depends exclusively on aim of research and its objectives. It is important to apply research to the field of education of people with special needs, to their different perceptions, behavior, thinking and psychological processes as well as to their socialization and inclusion into social cultures, which are also the essences of special educational goals in general.
Keywords: mental disability, multiple disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, specifics of education, information and communication technologies, interactive w