ASSESSMENT OF ROMANIAN PEPPERS CULTIVARS FOR FRUIT QUALITY TRAITS
Published: 13 Nov 2023
Abstract: In recent years, there has been a growing trend among people to be more conscious of the food they consume, seeking products with high nutritional value, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant capacity to promote good health and maintain an excellent body figure. Among the most popular and versatile fresh vegetables worldwide are peppers (Capsicum annuum L.), known for their vibrant colours, delightful flavours, and abundant nutritional benefits. In this study, we aimed to assess the phenotypic diversity in terms of fruit quality traits and yield for five Romanian pepper cultivars bred at VRDS Buzau: two bell peppers (Cantemir, Regal), two hot peppers (Roial, Decebal), and one accession (L- 50). To evaluate fruit quality, we measured various parameters including dry matter content, fruit firmness, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, ascorbic acid, lycopene, and β-carotene content at different ripening stages. The results showed that fully ripe fruits exhibited significantly higher levels of bioactive compounds compared to unripe fruits. Specifically, the L-50 variety demonstrated the highest content of total soluble solids and β-carotene, making it a standout choice for its nutritional benefits. On the other hand, the Roial variety stood out with its rich vitamin C content. Moreover, the Cantemir cultivar displayed the highest fruit firmness (10.1 N), indicating an extended shelf-life capacity, which could be advantageous for storage and transportation. Importantly, all studied genotypes exhibited promising antioxidant properties, positioning them as potential natural ingredients for functional foods. In conclusion, our findings underscore the remarkable diversity and nutritional potential of these Romanian pepper cultivars. Their abundance in bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity makes them excellent choices for health-conscious consumers seeking fresh and nutritious ingredients to support their well-being and dietary goals.
Keywords: antioxidants, capsicum annuum l., fruit quality, romanian peppers
Cite this article: Ovidia Loredana Agapie, Elena Barcanu, Bianca Elena Kivu, Ion Gherase, Georgiana Dobre. ASSESSMENT OF ROMANIAN PEPPERS CULTIVARS FOR FRUIT QUALITY TRAITS. Journal of International Scientific Publications: Agriculture & Food 11, 356-365 (2023). https://www.scientific-publications.net/en/article/1002679/
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