Abstract: In 1830s, Bulgarians accelerated the process of building their own ethno-cultural identity. Bulgarian language became the medium of instruction after 1835. Bulgarian communities living in Thrace were also affected by all these developments. First modern Bulgarian schools were opened in Edirne in 1851 and in Kırklareli in 1853. By the 1910s the number of Bulgarian schools in Thrace was over twenty. However due to the changes in ethnic and socio-economic structure in Thrace, last Bulgarian schools in Kırklareli and Edirne continued their educational activities until 1936 and 1948 respectively.
Keywords: bulgarian schools, thrace, late ottoman and early republic periods