WHAT SENTENCE STRUCTURES ARE IMPROVED BY CHUNK-BASED EXERCISES?
Published: 24 Aug 2017
Abstract: This study investigates the effects of chunk-based exercises on English sentence structure by looking at second language learners’ proficiency. Oral sentence building (OSB), an aural-oral exercise where a learner needs to manipulate chunks and construct a sentence, was used. Five kinds of grammatical items were the focus of analysis. One hundred forty-two junior high school students conducted OSB 10 times for 10 days. The study indicates that OSB enhanced the sentence structures of both high and low proficiency learners. Above all, t-test showed a significant difference in the use of gerunds. One of the findings was that chunk-based learning would be more effective for beginners or intermediate learners.
Keywords: oral sentence building, sentence structure, chunk, oral exercise
Download full text
Back to the contents of the volume
© 2019 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This permission does not cover any third party copyrighted material which may appear in the work requested.